How being self sufficient can help the environment

How being self sufficient can help the environment foodAlthough our planet is sending out clear signals for help, we continue to take its resources for granted. Our continued dependence on non-renewable fossil fuels is hurting the very environment we live in and enjoy. By being self sufficient, we can help the environment by providing for the basic necessities of food, shelter and water without any outside aid. Our ancestors, at one point, were totally self sufficient, living off the earth’s natural resources. We can learn to live this way again by changing the way we think and live, if we are willing to learn new skills. Being self sufficient can help the environment, if we focus on the five basic criteria mentioned below.  

Food: Being self sufficient, by growing your own food, can help the environment by eliminating the need for transporting food from other locations, which helps to save on the use of fuel and the resulting pollution from vehicle emissions. It also saves our planet from the air and water pollution that results from large scale use of herbicides and pesticides in food farming. If you don’t own land, a community garden is a great way to grow and harvest your own food. Composting is a great way to convert green and food waste into fertilizer that can be used to grow more food and reduces contribution to land fills.

How being self sufficient can help the environment shelterShelter: Being self sufficient by building your own home out of locally available materials like wood or clay can greatly reduce your carbon footprint on the environment, by saving on transportation and the resources utilized in the mining of exotic materials from far away places. Even if you do not have all the necessary skills to construct your own home, enlist the help of those in your neighborhood who have the required expertise.

Water: A rainwater catchment system is a great way to collect water from your roof into a storage tank that can supply water for all your household needs. In most places, rain water is in abundant supply, is relatively clean and can be used to wash the driveway or car, water gardens and supply water for toilets and clothes washers. Rainwater can also be used for drinking, but will need to be purified first. Being self sufficient in collecting and using rainwater can help the environment by reducing the pollution of seas and rivers that results from stormwater runoff into the urban drainage systems.

How being self sufficient can help the environment energyEnergy: Although installing solar panels can be an investment, they can help eliminate dependence on non-renewable fuels such as coal, and provide all the energy you will need for cooking, lighting, heating and providing electricity for your appliances. There are many other things you can do as well to conserve energy like using a clothesline instead of a dryer, switching to fluorescent, energy-saving light bulbs, switching off appliances when not in use and using cold water instead of heated water when possible.

Transportation: This is one of the biggest culprits in polluting our environment, but is also one of the easiest to resolve. If possible live close to your work place so that you can walk or bike to work instead of driving. If you do live far away, choose public transport or try car pooling. Other green options are Biodiesel, Ethanol, EV car, Hydrogen generator, Running your car on water, etc.

How being self sufficient can help the environment transportation

There are many advantages to self sufficient living, but none is greater than the benefits to the environment. Living independently in today’s world is not only possible but also necessary, as every individual contribution helps to reduce the human carbon footprint.

How to Save Money on Gas. Learn Ways to Do your Own Bio-Diesel

Fuel plays one of the most important roles in our day to day lives. If there is one thing that we have come to rely on for our day to day existence, it's fuel. This abundant need for fuel and its miniscule existence, owing to its sky rocketing prices have made us pause and think of alternatives to gasoline. Though hydrogen fuels and electric cars are talked about as feasible alternatives, they are well ahead in the future, leaving us in the same place we started – an immediate alternative to gasoline.

The insistent search for an alternative fuel ends with the discovery of bio-fuels, a solution that is both feasible and green in the otherwise toxin induced environment. These are fuel made from biologically available ingredients like animal fat and vegetable oils. The ingredients can vary from Soya beans to corn to animal fat based on the type of fuel being produced and the production method employed.

Bio-diesel is one of the major bio-fuels. Bio-diesel is nothing but biological additives to the standard diesel fuel. Here the petroleum is replaced with its biological counter parts like plant oils and animal fat and is subjected to a series of chemical reactions. What best than biological ingredients to produce a non-toxic and renewable fuel? Farming and recycling replenishes the fuel back and we are literally never out of fuel. What is more amazing is the fact that the existing diesel engines almost need no modification to run on bio-diesel.

Bio-diesel is usually produced as a blend with the standard fuel. These blends are represented by the abbreviated Bxx, where xx indicates the percentage of bio-diesel in the blend. For instance a B20 indicates that 20 percent of bio-diesel is mixed with 80 percent standard fuel. B20 is also the most common blend of bio-diesel. Bio-diesel is not something that materialized out of thin air. The American Society for Testing and Materials, the organization that provides industry standards has recognized bio-diesel as a standard. which is all the more reason for its versatility.

Vegetable fuel can also be used as is, without being subjected to the blending mechanism. This is termed as Straight vegetable oil (SVO). But the fact that the viscosity of this is more than the conventional fuel makes it burn less and damage engines. SVO can be used safely with some modifications to the engine. Since bio-diesel incorporates animal fat and vegetable oil you can even make them at home. Visit http://agua-luna.com to learn more about bio-diesels and to know how to make them at home. While at it you can also check out some of their sustainable living guides at http://agua-luna.com.

Bio-diesel is one of the first steps towards a greener environment. It’s high time we as the inhabitants of this planet respect the environment we live in and repay nature back for all those years we have been shamelessly consuming it. Let’s give this some thought and help make our planet greener and a better place to live in.

New Agua-Luna.com website : FREE Solar, Wind and Water Energy; live off grid, alternative energy plans and information on hydrogen gas to run your car. Agua Luna

Agua-Luna.com has a brand new look!  The new website has the same great expertise in energy efficient projects but with some new added features.  We are offering consultation services to both individuals and businesses worldwide.  We are dedicated to helping people live as we do.  Our consultation services will help you look at all the aspects of building a home off-grid, while helping you obtain the best end product to fit all your needs.  If you would like to host Agua Luna for a workshop, please contact us via our website for more details.

We have added some great products to our website.  Check out the how-to books and the plans in the product section.   We have books for those interested in building green projects and books to help you become more energy efficient at home.  All of the books and plans sold on Agua Luna have been written or/and compiled by us and tested several times.

"Help us to Help" is Agua Luna’s Green Fund motto. This fund helps Agua Luna with projects such as the Amazon Project or the Recycle Project. For every dollar you use to purchase our books, t-shirts or other re-usable items at the new website, we will place a dollar into The Green Fund.  This fund allows us to help people become more energy efficient, and allows us to bring green technology to places in need of more reliable energy resources.

One of our newest projects is to rebuild homes from recycled materials.  Some of these homes use renewable energy making them energy efficient.  Some are made to be completely off grid.  The sale of these homes allows us to repeat the process and help make more of these homes available.

While visiting the new and improved Agua Luna website, stop by and check out our photo gallery.  There you will find a slide-show detailing the work we have completed all over the world.  You will find pictures of our Peru project, how-to projects, homes we have made available for sale and even one of our current off the grid homestead.

Take the time to visit our new website Agua-Luna.com and leave us a comment about how you like the new look!

Green Gift Guide. Live off the grid, solar panel energy, biodiesel, biofuels.

We know that not everybody can live a self sustainable life, but EVERYBODY can live GREENER, and Agua-Luna is always helping you to make the conversion.. even if is just your first and a small one.

Now that the holidays are here what a better gift than a green one...


Give one of our GREENGUIDES as a gift. Perfect for the DIYers


Give CARBONCREDITS as a gift. To show that you care for the planet. Spread the word.



Give LED BULBS as a gift. This will give to your love ones hundreds on saving every month!!!

MORE GIFTS

Steffany Boldrini from www.EcoBold.com does video reviews of all kinds of household green products and has made this one of a kind, top 10 eco-friendly gifts guide for the Holidays. Enjoy!


What You Should Know About Products That Are Still Being Made With Asbestos

footsteps

Green Living Step by Step

You probably know that asbestos is dangerous. It can cause diseases such as mesothelioma, a deadly lung cancer, and asbestosis, a debilitating disease that interferes with breathing.

You may have heard that asbestos is banned in the United States, but it isn’t.  It is still being used in some kinds of flooring and roofing materials; in some automobile parts, such as brake pads; in some fireproof clothing; and in a number of other products. Should this be a concern?

Maybe.  It is thought the danger is small, but small is not zero. And asbestos has been banned completely in many other countries. Why isn’t it banned in the U.S.?

Here’s the scoop: In 1989, the Environmental Protection Agency drew up regulations asbestos under the Toxic Substances Control Act. However, two years later, a New Orleans circuit court of appeal overturned the regulations. As a result of the court’s decision, a ban on new uses of asbestos remained in effect, but old uses remained legal.

Asbestos is a mineral that breaks into small fibers when disturbed. The fibers are dangerous if ingested and more dangerous if breathed into the lungs. There are two primary kinds of asbestos,  called serpentine and amphibole because of the shapes of the fibers. Amphibole asbestos has been banned globally since the 1980s. It is considered the more dangerous type of asbestos because, if you breathe it, it stays in your lungs longer and causes more damage.

However, serpentine asbestos, especially a form called “chrysotile,” is still in commercial use in the United States and some other countries.

So, asbestos isn’t just something found in the attics of old houses. It might be in a product made this year. Which products should be a concern?

Auto parts, especially brakes or clutch linings. Major U.S. automakers say they do not use asbestos in their parts. However, “aftermarket” suppliers of replacement parts sometimes do use asbestos. If you buy “off brand” parts to save on auto repairs, there could be asbestos in the brake pads and shoes, clutch linings, and other “friction” car parts. Don’t assume asbestos isn’t in auto parts just because it wasn’t listed on a label.

Asbestos in brake pads or other parts shouldn’t be a danger to drivers or passengers. However, auto shop workers and home mechanics do risk danger of exposure to asbestos. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has guidelines for minimizing the asbestos danger of working with car parts.

Construction materials such as roof shingles, floor tiles, cement pipes and boards, caulking compounds, and joint cements. The asbestos in these products is unlikely to break away and become airborne with regular, day-to-day use. If these products someday crumble from age or disaster, however, cleanup crews should take care not to breathe the dust.

To build with natural materials check out Agua-Luna's Build your own house

Fireproof clothing and protective gear. First, if you aren’t a firefighter, stay away from fireproof clothing or fire protection gear. Especially as the clothing and gear become worn, fibers could break away and get into your lungs. If you are a firefighter, wear respirator masks with approved HEPA filters when fighting fires or training in fireproof clothing and gear.

If you do work with such products, please don’t be complacent just because you feel fine now, seek mesothelioma treatment. It can take many years for symptoms to develop after exposure to asbestos.

— Barbara O’Brien

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SUSTAINABLE GREEN LIVING AND ALTERNATIVE ENERGY ECO WORKSHOP . LEARN TO LIVE OFF THE GRID ON CANCUN

DO YOU KNOW HOW?

Ever dream about leaving it all behind? What happens when the power fails next time? Will you keep riding the gas roller coaster? Economy collapse, what’s next? Can you survive on your own IF need be? Do you know how?

Do you know how to…

Stop paying for Utilities?

Live with the Planet?

Break the Boundaries?

Take Control of Life?

Right Now is the Time!

This years Sustainable Living Workshop in Cancun features exciting classroom sessions, interactive tutorial lectures given by knowledgeable teachers, rewarding hands-on local projects & lab exercises, featuring at least one element of every self sufficient aspect… Natural Building, Alternative Energy, Renewable Fuels, Green Living.


Scheduled Topics may include “How to Build” lessons like…

Solar Systems

Adobe

Making Biodigesters

Recycling at Home

Compost Toilets

Rammed Earth

Ethanol

Water Catchments

Hydroponics

Earth Ships

Solar Water Heaters

Green Living

Hydrogen Generators

Hay Bale

Solar Stoves

& so much more

…workshop schedules will be distributed before arrival.

You’ll leave with enough hands-on practice & technical knowledge to implement any of the above topics in your own life. Simply lower or eradicate your bills, even retire early, or cut your connection to the grid or society completely.


FOR MORE INFO & TO RESERVE YOUR SPOT NOW CLICK HERE

ACCOMMODATIONS

The Mayan Rivera, one of the most enchanting sought after destinations in the world. Participants will stay in a real life Eco Biosphere Reserve, located on the Caribbean Coast of Mexico, near the Mayan Ruins of Tulum, south of Cancun. Harnessing Solar & Wind power, Rain Catchment & Grey Water Systems, It serves as a model for sustainable development today.


Dip your feet in the warm Caribbean waters of the white plain beach just outside your door; take a kayak trip up an ancient Mayan canal with a friendly Mayan Guide, or a snooze on a hammock on the deck of your Cabana rocked gently by the sea breeze. All while learning about Sustainable Living, Alternative Energy, Renewable Fuels & Green Living in the largest Environmental Reserve in the Yucatan Peninsula. Participants will stay in private or shared (2-3 person) Eco Cabanas, each with stunning views of the ocean / lagoon & access to clean bathrooms & showers. To preserve the natural essence of the Reserve, the Cabanas do not have electricity (candles will be available). There is an Excellent Restaurant on-site hosting fresh food at incredible rates. Classes are held in a Jungle or beach side learning center, 5hrs per day. Enjoy scheduled fieldtrips to surrounding destinations, while still having enough time to take in the sites, tours, Scuba dive, even visit the incredible nearby Mayan Ruins of Tulum. Life is yours for the taking; let us teach you how to take control of it. For more info visit or our FAQS


PACKAGE RATES

Package

Room

Rate

Queen**

private $1299

Double

dorm $1249

Single

dorm $119

**Couples Rate

FOR MORE INFORMATION ON WORKSHOP VISIT

http://www.agua-luna.com/


Using Solar Power. How to Recycle and save free Energy

Is time to hear what other people have to say about the environment, about what are they doing.

People have come to us and say is hard to do what Agua-Luna does, but you don't have to do it all, neither change it all in a shot, start with little steps and learn from these examples:

"I feel very strongly that we could all be doing a bit more to help the environment. The world as a whole does not have infinite resources and we must make more of an effort to make people aware of this, especially youngsters.

A family living opposite me, 2 adults with a 1 year old regularly put out 6 bin bags and never seem to use their recycling bin and this upsets me hugely. My family have 1 bag and recycle everything possible. I compost all I can, buy little and often to reduce waste, try to buy as little packaging with food, drive less and am aware of trying to cut petrol usage with sensible braking etc. I make an effort to unplug things that would otherwise go on standby, turn off lights where possible and use low energy bulbs. Our house has loft insulation and the walls have been done too. I am frugal with the water we use, there are bricks in our cisterns to cut flush water levels and we shower instead of bath. My garden lights are solar powered.
I have recently been writing to manufacturers pushing to have things packaged in bags or alternatives to glass jars and feel that much more could be done by the big boys to reduce waste too. The Corona pop lorry would come round and take back empty bottles and you were paid to return them, sensible I think, why not have a similar scheme now? Supermarkets in France have battery recycling bins and this should be encouraged here too. Surely if it was made easier for us to do things like this it would help.
I am confused by the recyclables symbols on things like yogurt pots, having been told by the man at the recycling center its the wrong plastic to go in with bottles and just hope it means they will degrade over time.
I am constantly horrified at how much rubbish is lying around our small island and wish people took more of a pride in the world in which we all live. Having said that though, on the 1/2mile walk to our local supermarket there is not one rubbish bin and so there are always heaps of cans, bottles and wrappers lying around, but there are 5 dog waste bins! As a small child growing up in South Wales people did take pride in the outside of their properties and I remember ladies washing their front steps and sweeping the pavements. Nowadays I am ashamed to say I have seem people stop at their doors and throw wrappers over their shoulders onto the ground and shutting the door!
I think education is the key and have a loud voice that I would love the opportunity to have heard, thanks so much for at least giving me this small chance to rant!"
Thanks to Belinda Lewis Bird

Unplug things instead leaving them on stand by can represent a huge save on e electricity. We recommend to have your appliances or electronics on power strips to make this task easy.
You can also check out the new intelligent power strips that are being develop to save energy like checktap

Living Environmental Friendly. Start Homesteading with organic food, recycling and avoiding the toll on Gas prices

Is time to hear what other people have to say about the environment, about what are they doing.

People have come to us and say is hard to do what Agua-Luna does, but you don't have to do it all, neither change it all in a shot, start with little steps and learn from these examples:

"Hi, my name is Iris, and this is what me and my family are doing for the environment. First we live near our jobs therefore using the car less and less. We are using canvas bags to bring our groceries home. We are switching over to florescent light bulbs. Next I have taken T- shirts that no longer fit our children and are in great condition and have turn them into some cool pillow case, they are soft and a conversation piece. I have decided to turn a laundry canvas hampers into recycle bins. We are new at all this ,and we live in an apartment so this is a great challenge for us. Yet we are striving to make a difference. We try to only purchase organic fruits and veggies. We buy real butter instead of margarine, and are looking into which grocer sells meat that has no hormones or coloring of any sort. We would start a small box garden but our deck does not get sufficient sunlight. Like I said we are new at all this, and have only just started. Thanks for all your articles."

Thanks to

The Third Part of How to Build a solar cell, high tech solar cells GREAT for homemade solar panel mount, this is a homemade solar panels and shows you how make solar cell form silicon, how to build a solar panel, how to build a solar system, how to build your own solar power, how to construct solar panel how to make a solar panel, how to make a twelve volt solar battery charger, how to make home solar, how to make plastic solar cell, how to make silicon solar panel at home, how to make simple solar panels, how to make solar, how to make solar cell, how to make solar panel cheap solar panel, how to make solar panels

STOP GLOBAL WARMING ! ! !

USE ALTERNATIVE ENERGY

Visit www.agua-luna.com for more info

This is my FREE OFF THE GRID PROJECTS Blog and will instruct you on how-to complete your own OFF THE GRID PROJECTS FREE.

Build everything you need to have free energy, no utility bills and lower fuel prices.

In the days to fallow I will be posting step-by-step procedures from over 40 OFF-GRID Guides I’ve written / compiled, that’s over 1000 different documents of Easy to Read ALTERNATIVE ENERGY plans, ranging from 3-step Beginners Blueprints to 70-page Builder Books (processes made simple). So that EVERYONE, ANYONE, EVERYWHERE can enjoy the benefits of Cheaper, Healthier & Cleaner World for absolutely FREE. (The resources, tips & tricks I provide were tested myself over the last 8 years here in Texas.)

SIMPLE, EASY, BASIC. NO MECHANICAL KNOWLEDGE NEEDED

I will also be including links to purchase parts & supplies for up to 90% off or FREE, FREE unlimited online consultation & helpful hints to get you harnessing the FREE ENERGY from the sun, earth, wind & water in as little as 1 day.

THE PLANS CAN BE USED IN ANY REGION, ANY TEMPERATURE & ANY SIZE.

Project lengths range typically from 1 day to 1 month. Costs per project average from $5-$400 in parts. Compare that to similar store bought units costing thousands, not to mention the savings from no more utility bills. Your guides will pay for themselves thousands of times over.Typical tools, hardware and supplies are used, making access to parts available for all.Can you even imagine no more utility bills? No more Gas costs?That’s it, it’s that simple. You will love the info in these tutorials, that’s a guarantee. Don’t forget to check the “Achieves” on the right side of this page or Visit www.agua-luna.com for more info. Here you’ll find the newest FREE OFF THE GRID PROJECTS.

This is the 8th installment of my FREE OFF THE GRID PROJECTS post and will instruct you on how-to complete your own OFF THE GRID PROJECTS FREE.

Fallow these step by step FREE Electric Cars Conversion Plans to build your own Electric Vehicle. The fallowing steps are how to Convert your car to Electric Free.

Live self-sufficient & lower monthly utility bills from upward of $300, down to $0.00.

The Second Part of How to Build a solar cell, build solar panels, build your own power solar cell, build your own solar, build your own solar panels solar cell construction, solar energy, solar energy power, great for solar energy company, solar energy technology, solar experiment system, solar panal12v, solar panel projects, solar panel specs, solar passive solar power, solar projects, solar system science projects

0% POLLUTION

STOP WORRING ABOUT RISING FUEL COSTS

YOU WILL NOT LOOSE POWER OR SPEED

YOU WILL HELP TO STOP GLOBAL WARMING

Like to travel? “Power Pumps” are popping up at gas stations across the nation.

Enjoy YOUR Free Energy!!!

Visit www.agua-luna.com for more info

Today’s FREE Off the Grid Projects is taken from my “How to EV” guide, if you’d like the complete guide with pics and more detail or if your interested in similar FREE Alternative Fuels (biodiesel, methane, solar, EV hydrogen, etc) go to http://www.agua-luna.com/

if you havn’t checked out last weeks projects please feel free to:

Hydrogen generator plans free

Free plans and information on hydrogen gas to run your car

FREE OFF THE GRID PROJECTS

How to DIY Alternative (Green / Renewable) Energy Guides

SOLAR PANEL PLANS FREE

Let me start off by saying we (my family and I) live completely, 100% “off of the grid and are completely self sufficient”

Solar chimney, solar AC, solar heating, solar water heating (pool and home), solar stove, solar power, wind power, hydrogen powered back up generator, hydrogen back up water heater, hydrogen stove, 2 hydrogen powered trucks, 1 EV (electric vehicle) and satellite internet.

Here’s a DIY step by step process, taken from a guide I offer at www agua-luna com it’s complete but if you’d like the more specific process or the pics and images go to www agua-luna com. Its pretty simple but if you have any problems feel free to contact me directly I can walk you threw the process.

www agua-luna com

"STEP 1. SOLAR PANELS: or PV panels are the key to a hybrid system., converting the sun’s beams into electricity that we can use in the home. They come in many different sizes, shapes, power ranges and costs. We will focus on a 12v 50watt (4amp) panel, measuring appx 4 sq. ft. with a price range from $300-$500.

www.mrsolar.com ($340)

www.agua-luna.com ($299)"

"Retrieve a typical winter electric bill. You won’t need a summer bill, because by building a system that runs in winter, it’ll be proven for summer use where days are longer. Divide the total KWH (Kilowatt Hours) on the bill by 30 (giving you your Kilowatt Hour per day, or KWH/d consumption amount), now divide that by 10 (or the total average winter day hours in your area)(giving you KWH/h), now multiple that by 1000 (converting KWH/h to WH/h or watts)."

"Now that we know how many watts your systems requires, we need to know how many panels to use, along with an adequate- sized controller. For simplicity reasons, let’s use a typical 50w solar panel. We will divide your final “system requirement” results from above by 50 to tell us how many panels you'll need (hourly winter consumption watts / 50)."

"NOTE: Size (watts and feet) of panels is a personal choice and isn’t determined by any system requirements.

Mount panel/s flat (0 degree) facing south (if located in the north hemisphere). With a multimeter, measure the incoming amps (via pos cable to battery), slowly raise the top edge until the amps peak on your meter. Secure."

Materials you will need
A sheet of copper flashing from the hardware store. This normally costs about $5.00 per square foot. We will need about half a square foot.
Two alligator clip leads.
A sensitive micro-ammeter that can read currents between 10 and 50 microamperes. Radio Shack sells small LCD multimeters that will do, but I used a small surplus meter with a needle.
An electric stove. My kitchen stove is gas, so I bought a small one-burner electric hotplate for about $25. The little 700 watt burners probably won't work -- mine is 1100 watts, so the burner gets red hot.
A large clear plastic bottle off of which you can cut the top. I used a 2 liter spring water bottle. A large mouth glass jar will also work.
Table salt. We will want a couple tablespoons of salt.
Tap water.
Sand paper or a wire brush on an electric drill.
Sheet metal shears for cutting the copper sheet.

The first step is to cut a piece of the copper sheeting that is about the size of the burner on the stove. Wash your hands so they don't have any grease or oil on them. Then wash the copper sheet with soap or cleanser to get any oil or grease off of it. Use the sandpaper or wire brush to thoroughly clean the copper sheeting, so that any sulphide or other light corrosion is removed.
Next, place the cleaned and dried copper sheet on the burner and turn the burner to its highest setting.
As the copper starts to heat up, you will see beautiful oxidation patterns begin to form.
Oranges, purples, and reds will cover the copper.
As the copper gets hotter, the colors are replaced with a black coating of cupric oxide. This is not the oxide we want, but it will flake off later, showing the reds, oranges, pinks, and purples of the cuprous oxide layer underneath.
The last bits of color disappear as the burner starts to glow red.
When the burner is glowing red-hot, the sheet of copper will be coated with a black cupric oxide coat. Let it cook for a half an hour, so the black coating will be thick. This is important, since a thick coating will flake off nicely, while a thin coat will stay stuck to the copper.
After the half hour of cooking, turn off the burner. Leave the hot copper on the burner to cool slowly. If you cool it too quickly, the black oxide will stay stuck to the copper.
As the copper cools, it shrinks. The black cupric oxide also shrinks. But they shrink at different rates, which makes the black cupric oxide flake off.
The little black flakes pop off the copper with enough force to make them fly a few inches. This means a little more cleaning effort around the stove, but it is fun to watch.
When the copper has cooled to room temperature (this takes about 20 minutes), most of the black oxide will be gone. A light scrubbing with your hands under running water will remove most of the small bits. Resist the temptation to remove all of the black spots by hard scrubbing or by flexing the soft copper. This might damage the delicate red cuprous oxide layer we need to make to solar cell work.
Cut another sheet of copper about the same size as the first one. Bend both pieces gently, so they will fit into the plastic bottle or jar without touching one another. The cuprous oxide coating that was facing up on the burner is usually the best side to face outwards in the jar, because it has the smoothest, cleanest surface.
Attach the two alligator clip leads, one to the new copper plate, and one to the cuprous oxide coated plate. Connect the lead from the clean copper plate to the positive terminal of the meter. Connect the lead from the cuprous oxide plate to the negative terminal of the meter.
Now mix a couple tablespoons of salt into some hot tap water. Stir the saltwater until all the salt is dissolved. Then carefully pour the saltwater into the jar, being careful not to get the clip leads wet. The saltwater should not completely cover the plates -- you should leave about an inch of plate above the water, so you can move the solar cell around without getting the clip leads wet.

now place in the sun with the magnefied on top.
The solar cell is a battery, even in the dark, and will usually show a few microamps of current.
That’s it it’s that simple. If you’d a more detailed process and some pics (ouldn’t put them here) it’s available along with some other DIY alternative energy projects at www agua-luna com

There are several tricks to building the same size system without buying the most expensive components. Here are a few:

Do not buy for brand names, buy for price. 50 watts is 50 watts.

Purchase small panels. 3-15w panels can cost ¼ less than one 45w.

FREE PANELS: Contact your highway dept. or dept. of motor vehicle (DMV) and ask for panels off of their retired/nonworking “highway construction carts.” These panels usually only operate at 50% efficiency or less, but in most cases are completely FREE or cost just a couple bucks. You may also want to subscribe to www.freecycle.org. All items are given away for FREE there all the time, no strings attached.

Contact your Dept of Energy and Resources, you may qualify for tax breaks and/or refunds. For more info visit www.dsireusa.org.

Use several small inverters separated by rooms--one inverter for the kitchen, etc. This way if one inverter breaks, the whole house isn't without power, just that room. (Keep a spare controller/parts).

To save your inverter from operating continuously, run some appliances on DC electricity (refrigerator, water heater, etc.) Many appliances now come in 12v DC and use far less energy then 110v. (If you’re switching over from gas, I’d suggest going straight to DC.)

When purchasing parts, supplies or system components, ask first about any “display” or “damaged” items. In most cases they are discounted up to 90% off because of a few scratches and/or dings.

Buy used. Look at www.suntrekenergy.com, www.oasismt.com, www.craigslist.org or www.ebay.com where you may find “like new” used items, at 1/10th of their original cost.

Sell your excess energy back to the power company. Ask your power company about “net metering” or go to www.eere.energy.gov or www.serconline.org for tables and state law information.

Check out these books and magazines for more information on living off the grid: “Photovaltaics”, “Create an oasis greywater”, “Motherearthnews” and my book coming out this summer.

If you have questions, email me for FREE online consultation.

Hope this helped, feel free to contact me personally if you have any questions if you’d like assistance in making your first self sufficient steps, I’m willing to walk you step by step threw the process. I’ve written several how-to DIY guides available at www agua-luna com on the subject. I also offer online and on-site workshops, seminars and internships to help others help the environment.

Dan Martin

Alterative Energy / Sustainable Consultant, Living 100% on Alternative & Author of How One Simple Yet Incredibly Powerful Resource Is Transforming The Lives of Regular People From All Over The World... Instantly Elevating Their Income & Lowering Their Debt, While Saving The Environment by Using FREE ENERGY... All With Just One Click of A Mouse...For more info Visit:

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Stop Global Warming, Receive a FREE Solar Panels Now!!!

This Guide is a GREAT Guide, showing you how to make a solar oven, how to build a solar cooker, solar cooker, bulk solar cooker, solar ovens, aluminum parabolic solar cooker, cool solar products, beer can solar, solar oven build your own and is great for solar camping

STOP GLOBAL WARMING ! ! !

USE ALTERNATIVE ENERGY

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This is my FREE OFF THE GRID PROJECTS Blog and will instruct you on how-to complete your own OFF THE GRID PROJECTS FREE.

Build everything you need to have free energy, no utility bills and lower fuel prices.

In the days to fallow I will be posting step-by-step procedures from over 40 OFF-GRID Guides I’ve written / compiled, that’s over 1000 different documents of Easy to Read ALTERNATIVE ENERGY plans, ranging from 3-step Beginners Blueprints to 70-page Builder Books (processes made simple). So that EVERYONE, ANYONE, EVERYWHERE can enjoy the benefits of Cheaper, Healthier & Cleaner World for absolutely FREE. (The resources, tips & tricks I provide were tested myself over the last 8 years here in Texas.)

SIMPLE, EASY, BASIC. NO MECHANICAL KNOWLEDGE NEEDED

I will also be including links to purchase parts & supplies for up to 90% off or FREE, FREE unlimited online consultation & helpful hints to get you harnessing the FREE ENERGY from the sun, earth, wind & water in as little as 1 day.

THE PLANS CAN BE USED IN ANY REGION, ANY TEMPERATURE & ANY SIZE.

Project lengths range typically from 1 day to 1 month. Costs per project average from $5-$400 in parts. Compare that to similar store bought units costing thousands, not to mention the savings from no more utility bills. Your guides will pay for themselves thousands of times over. Typical tools, hardware and supplies are used, making access to parts available for all. Can you even imagine no more utility bills? No more Gas costs? That’s it, it’s that simple. You will love the info in these tutorials, that’s a guarantee. Don’t forget to check the “Achieves” on the right side of this page or Visit www.agua-luna.com for more info. Here you’ll find the newest FREE OFF THE GRID PROJECTS.

This is the 23nd installment of my FREE OFF THE GRID PROJECTS post and will instruct you on how-to complete your own OFF THE GRID PROJECTS FREE.

This Guide is a GREAT Guide, showing you how to make a solar oven, how to build a solar cooker, solar cooker, bulk solar cooker, solar ovens, aluminum parabolic solar cooker, cool solar products, beer can solar, solar oven build your own and is great for solar camping

Fallow these step by step FREE Solar Stove Plans to build your own Solar Oven. The fallowing steps are how to Build a Solar Oven Free.

Live self-sufficient & lower monthly fuel bills from upward of $300 to $0.00 by using the FREE ENERGY from the SUN to cook.

Build a SOLAR OVEN for as low as $3 in as little as 3 steps + FREE SOLAR PANELS

Your buying 2 different guides showing you HOW TO BUILD A SOLAR OVEN for as low as $3, The first set in an Easy to Read 3 step Beginners level format (process made simple) & the other designed for the Average hobbies, So that EVERYONE, ANYONE, EVERYWHERE can enjoy the benefits of Cheaper, Healthier, Cleaner & more Efficient Fuel/Environment. (The resources, tips & tricks I provide were tested myself over the last 8 years here in Texas.)

SIMPLE, EASY, BASIC. NO MECHANICAL KNOWLEDGE NEEDED.

My guide even includes links to purchase parts & supplies, FREE unlimited online consultation & helpful hints to get your SOLAR OVEN built, harnessing the FREE ENERGY of the SUN & GAS/ELECTRIC FREE in as little as 1 day.

MY PLANS CAN BE USED IN ANY REGION, ANY TEMPERATURES & ADAPTED TO BE ANY SIZE.

BONUS: I will tell you how to find FREE or extremely cheap solar panels.

How It Works

The methods are extremely simple, making the process possible for anyone, everyone, ANYWHERE.

There are 2 projects, 1 for The Beginner/Hobbyist (“How-to Build Your Own Solar Box Cooker”) & 1 for The Experienced/Professional (“How-to-Build a Satellite Dish Solar Stove”), facilitating different methods in constructing:

1. The Oven

2. The Reflectors

3. The Chamber

4. The Absorbers

Typical tools, hardware & supplies are used, making access to parts available for all.

Solar Box Cookers can easily be transported anywhere & are great for hunting, hiking, camping, boating or day to day home cooking.

The Solar Satellite Dish Stove can be set up simply in your back yard, cooking large meals for the whole family.

ANY RECIPE CAN BE USED IN THESE STOVES.

Both stoves can be used year round.

Project lengths range from 1 day to 1 month.

Costs per Unit average from $3-$100 in parts. Compare that to bought units at a ridiculous $500+, not to mention the savings from no more Fuel/Electric costs.

The Process

- The suns beams are caught.

- Large panels reflect the energy into a chamber.

- The pots inside this chamber absorb the heat, cooking ANY type of food placed inside.

- The chambers keep the food warm for hours after cooking is finished, presenting a nice meal when the time comes.

That’s it, it’s that simple. You will love the info in these booklets, that’s a guarantee. If not I offer 100% money back.

Enjoy The Suns FREE Power !!!

Enjoy YOUR Free Energy!!!

Visit www.agua-luna.com for more info

HOW TO BUILD YOUR OWN SOLAR BOX COOKER FOR THE BEGINNER

A great solar oven you can build quickly from two cardboard boxes

Experiments in Seattle and Arizona have proven that solar box cookers can be built more simply than even the simple method we have been using. These discoveries have paved the way for a simpler construction method that allows a cooker to be built in a few hours for very little money.

When we designed this cooker, we named it the "Minimum Solar Box Cooker" because, at the time, it represented the simplest design we could devise. What we didn't communicate with that name was that this is a full-power cooker that works very well, and is in no way "minimum" as far as its cooking power goes.

What You Will Need

  • Two cardboard boxes. We would suggest that you use an inner box that is at least 15" x 15" (38cm x 38cm), but bigger is better. The outer box should be larger all around, but it doesn't matter how much bigger, as long as there is a half inch (1.5cm) or more of an airspace between the two boxes. Also note that the distance between the two boxes does not have to be equal all the way around. Also, keep in mind that it is very easy to adjust the size of a cardboard box by cutting and gluing it.
  • One sheet of cardboard to make the lid. This piece must be approximately 2" - 3" (4 - 8cm) larger all the way around than the top of the finished cooker (the outer box).
  • One small roll of aluminum foil.
  • One can of flat-black spray paint (says on can "non-toxic when dry") or one small jar of black tempera paint. Some people have reported making their own paint out of soot mixed with wheat paste.
  • At least 8 ounces of white glue or wheat paste.
  • One Reynolds Oven Cooking Bag®. These are available in almost all supermarkets in the U.S. and they can be mail-ordered from Solar Cookers International. They are rated for 400° F (204.4° C) so they are perfect for solar cooking. They are not UV-resistant; thus they will become more brittle and opaque over time and may need to be replaced periodically. A sheet of glass can also be used, but this is more expensive and fragile, and doesn't offer that much better cooking except on windy days.

Building the Base

Fold the top flaps closed on the outer box and set the inner box on top and trace a line around it onto the top of the outer box, Remove the inner box and cut along this line to form a hole in the top of the outer box (Figure 1).

Decide how deep you want your oven to be (about 1" or 2.5cm bigger than your largest pot and about 1" shorter than the outer box so that there will be a space between the bottoms of the boxes once the cooker is assembled) and slit the corners of the inner box with a knife down to that height. Fold each side down forming extended flaps (Figure 2). Folding is smoother if you first draw a firm line from the end of one cut to the other where the folds are to go.

Glue aluminum foil to the inside of both boxes and also to the inside of the remaining top flaps of the outer box. Don't waste your time being neat on the outer box, since it will never be seen, nor will it experience any wear. The inner box will be visible even after assembly, so if it matters to you, you might want to take more time here. Glue the top flaps closed on the outer box.

Place some wads of crumpled newspaper into the outer box so that when you set the inner box down inside the hole in the outer box, the flaps on the inner box just touch the top of the outer box (Figure 3). Glue these flaps onto the top of the outer box. Trim the excess flap length to be even with the perimeter of the outer box.

Finally, to make the drip pan, cut a piece of cardboard, the same size as the bottom of the interior of the oven and apply foil to one side. Paint this foiled side black and allow it to dry. Put this in the oven so that it rests on the bottom of the inner box (black side up), and place your pots on it when cooking. The base is now finished.

Building the Removable Lid

Take the large sheet of cardboard and lay it on top of the base. Trace its outline and then cut and fold down the edges to form a lip of about 3" (7.5cm). Fold the corner flaps around and glue to the side lid flaps. (Figure 4). Orient the corrugations so that they go from left to right as you face the oven so that later the prop may be inserted into the corrugations (Figure 6). One trick you can use to make the lid fit well is to lay the pencil or pen against the side of the box when marking (Figure 5). Don't glue this lid to the box; you'll need to remove it to move pots in and out of the oven.

To make the reflector flap, draw a line on the lid, forming a rectangle the same size as the oven opening. Cut around three sides and fold the resulting flap up forming the reflector (Figure 6). Foil this flap on the inside.

To make a prop bend a 12" (30cm) piece of hanger wire as indicated in Figure 6. This can then be inserted into the corrugations as shown.

Next, turn the lid upside-down and glue the oven bag (or other glazing material) in place. We have had great success using the turkey size oven bag (19" x 23 1/2", 47.5cm x 58.5cm) applied as is, i.e., without opening it up. This makes a double layer of plastic. The two layers tend to separate from each other to form an airspace as the oven cooks. When using this method, it is important to also glue the bag closed on its open end. This stops water vapor from entering the bag and condensing. Alternately you can cut any size oven bag open to form a flat sheet large enough to cover the oven opening.

Improving Efficiency

The oven you have built should cook fine during most of the solar season. If you would like to improve the efficiency to be able to cook on more marginal days, you can modify your oven in any or all of the following ways:

  • Make pieces of foiled cardboard the same size as the oven sides and place these in the wall spaces.
  • Make a new reflector the size of the entire lid (see photo above).
  • Make the drip pan using sheet metal, such as aluminum flashing. Paint this black and elevate this off the bottom of the oven slightly with small cardboard strips.

Today’s FREE Off the Grid Projects is taken from my “How to EV” guide, if you’d like the complete guide with pics and more detail or if your interested in similar FREE Alternative Fuels (biodiesel, methane, solar, EV hydrogen, etc) go to http://www.agua-luna.com/

if you havn’t checked out last weeks projects please feel free to:

Hydrogen generator plans free

Free plans and information on hydrogen gas to run your car

FREE OFF THE GRID PROJECTS

How to DIY Alternative (Green / Renewable) Energy Guides

SOLAR PANEL PLANS FREE